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A company’s balance sheet is termed a “statement of financial position,” that reveals the assets, liabilities and net worth of a firm. The balance sheet, along with income statement and cash flow statement, is an integral component of financial statements. As an investor or shareholder, it is important that one is aware of the structure of a balance sheet and possesses the knowledge to analyze it thoroughly.
The balance sheet requires the assets to equal the sum of liabilities and shareholders’ equity. Assets used to operate the company need to be balanced with the firm’s financial obligations, as well as the equity investment pooled into the company and its existing repository of earnings. Liabilities and equity support assets. Shareholders’ equity refers to the amount of money invested into the company initially with the retained earnings indicating it as a major source of funding for any business.
A balance sheet presents a snapshot of the financial position of a company at a single point in time.
Assets and its Types
Assets are divided into:
Every asset undergoes depreciation, and a cost factor is calculated and deducted from the assets, representing the economic cost of its life.
Liabilities and its Types
The assets on the balance sheet are balanced by liabilities that indicate financial obligations of a company to third parties. Long-term liabilities include debts and other financial obligations with terms greater than one year. Current liabilities are the present dues that need to be paid immediately and within one year. Short-term borrowings, including accounts payables or latest interest payment on long-term loans, fall under this category.
Shareholders’ equity indicates the money invested in a business. If a company decides to reinvest the earnings after a fiscal year, these retained earnings are transferred from income onto the balance sheet right into the shareholder’s equity account, representing the company’s total net worth.
Reading the Balance Sheet – The Basics
The balance sheet is broken into two main areas. Assets are mentioned on the top, followed by the company’s liabilities and shareholders’ equity. The value of the assets equals the sum of liabilities and shareholders’ equity. The assets and liabilities sections are organized by the current nature of the account too. Accounts are classified from most liquid to least liquid in the assets class. For the liabilities section, accounts are organized from short to long-term obligations.
Here is how you can derive greater understanding of the balance sheet and its construction:
In order to better understand the balance sheet, take some advice from the experts. Gain insight into the financial standing of a company through the accounting functions:
A business owner can benefit from leveraging an outsourced accounting services provider who can provide insight around these metrics and figures on the balance sheet in several ways:
Analytix Solutions offers custom solutions for companies ranging from accounting and bookkeeping to more complex requirements. For more information, call us at 781-503-9004 or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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